To meet the challenge various methods have been suggested. One Is to suppress the demand. Rationing has to be brought in by means of legislation so that non-essential consumption may be brought to the minimum. In fact this is being done when the power supply becomes chronically short. There can be a power cut. During certain hours of the day the power supply can shut down, thus power is saved or conserved for better use. Energy conservation is possible through modernization of plant and equipment. In fact where obsolete equipment is in use it can be replaced by modem, energy saving ones. Energy can he saved at domestic level by better house keeping. Modern gadgets consuming energy should he used only when they are absolutely necessary. Luxury items like the television, radio and record player can be used sparingly. Wasteful usage of lights can be avoided. Meaningless illumination must be given up. In industries through adopting quality control measures, energy can be saved. It is also possible by reorganizing and streamlining systems through structural changes as in modernizing equipment. For example by adopting a better design in electrical motors, efficiency can be improved.
Energy can be saved on transport by the following methods. People should commute by the rail rather than by cars and vans. Animal drawn vehicles may be encouraged for very short distances. This is being done in countries where there is a village economy and animals like bullocks are not scarce. The transport system must be improved with a view to sparing the energy. Cities must be planned in such a way that the commuting distance is minimized.
In industry many things could be done to reduce waste of energy or to economize energy. The maintenance may be tightened; waste heat must be utilized properly. If systems arc streamlined, economy in fuel could be obtained. Instead of using materials requiring higher energy, those which require lower energy can be used. By effecting minor changes in the existing plants, economy in energy could be achieved.
Energy question is a major global problem and is drawing the attention of all. But we can hope man with his ever rising urge for existence will cope up with this major and the most urgent problem and find alternatives.
Today, the electricity waste is one of the major problems many Universities face because this problem affects the financial performance of Universities and provokes the ongoing deterioration of the environment situation. In actuality, the average University campus consumption is high because the maintenance of the campus needs a lot of electricity. However, the problem is that the electricity is not always used efficiently. Instead, a part of electricity is just wasted because of the inefficient use in campus. Therefore, the question concerning the effectiveness of the consumption of electricity in the campus arises. In fact, the electricity waste in campus is a serious problem, which affects not only the spending of the University to cover electricity bills but also the local community and students
In fact, the electricity waste is accompanied by numerous problems and challenges the University has to overcome. First, the University has to increase spending on electricity, while the electricity is not used effectively. The more electricity the campus consumes the higher are electricity bills. At the same time, the electricity waste means that the electricity was consumed ineffectively. Therefore, neither the University nor students did not used electricity for their benefits but still the University has to pay for its electricity bills.
Hence, the electricity of waste is unacceptable in the time of scarce resources because they electricity waste leads to the high costs of electricity and low efficiency of electricity use. In actuality, electricity is mainly generated from fossil fuels which are scarce and costly. Naturally, the electricity waste leads to the consumption of fossil fuels for the generation of electricity and its further waste in the campus.
In such a situation, it is not only the campus and the University that suffer from the electricity waste but also the local community suffers from the high consumption of electricity that may have a negative impact on the environment. As fossil fuels are used mainly for the generation of electricity, then the electricity waste leads to the higher generation of electricity than is actually needed. Hence, the more fossil fuels have to be used for the generation of the electricity for campus, while the use of fossil fuels leads to the pollution of the environment and greenhouse gas emissions which provoke the climate change and the global warming.
In addition, students suffer from the high cost of tuition because, as a rule, the University has to cover its costs by means of raising costs of tuition for students. The high tuition cost is partially the result of the electricity waste because in the time of the economic recession, the University faces considerable problems with funding its projects and maintenance of its facilities. Therefore, it is students, who eventually cover the electricity costs and the electricity waste is naturally included in the overall electricity costs and, thus, in the tuition cost as well. Therefore, the reduction of the electricity waste is beneficial for all: the University, students and local community.
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