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1Casanova, Pascale, La république mondiale des lettres (Paris: Seuil, 1999); Moretti, Franco, “Conjectures on World Literature,” New Left Review1 (2000): 54–68.
2 An obvious case would be Simon Gikandi’s forthcoming special issue of PMLA on the theme of “literature in the world.” Other instances are Emily Apter, Against World Literature (London: Verso, 2013); Hofmeyr, Isabel, Gandhi’s Printing Press (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2013); and Lazarus, Neil, “Cosmopolitanism and the Specificity of the Local in World Literature,” Journal of Commonwealth Studies46.1 (2011): 119–137. Laura’s Doyle’s notion of “interimperiality”—even if it is not restricted to literature—is also a significant step forward in the development of a polycentric global framework for literary study. See Doyle, Laura, “Inter-Imperiality: Dialectics in a Postcolonial World History,” Interventions16.2 (2014): 159–196.
3 One must acknowledge here that it was Eileen Julien who first introduced the concept of “extroverted” literature. Julien, Eileen, “The Extroverted African Novel,” The Novel, Vol. 1., ed. Franco Moretti (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006), 667–700.
4al-Musawi, Muhsin, “The Republic of Letters: Arab Modernity?” Part I, The Cambridge Journal of Postcolonial Literary Inquiry1.2 (2014): 269.
5 Some key interventions in this wide-ranging debate are Damrosch, David, What Is World Literature? (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003); Walkowitz, Rebecca, “Comparison Literature,” New Literary History, 40.3 (2009): 567–582; Damrosch, David and Spivak, Gayatri, “Comparative Literature/World Literature: A Discussion with Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak and David Damrosch,” Comparative Literature Studies48.4 (2011): 455–485; Mufti, Aamir, “Orientalism and the Institution of World Literatures,” Critical Inquiry36.3 (2010): 458–493; and Apter, Emily, Against World Literature: On the Politics of Untranslatability (London: Verso, 2013).
6 I have asked and been granted permission by Najlaa Eltom (also spelt Naglaa Eltoum) to mention her name and her work on Salih in this article. Her essay is accessible through the Stockholm University library. Ms. Eltom, it should mentioned, is also a well-known poet in Sudan.
7Thomsen, Mads Rosendahl, Mapping World Literature: International Canonization and Transnational Literatures (London: Continuum, 2008), 44–49.
8Said, Edward, Culture and Imperialism (London: Chatto and Windus, 1993), 255.
9Salih, Tayeb, Season of Migration to the North, trans. Denys Johnson-Davies (London: Heinemann, 1991).
10Geesey, Patricia, “Cultural Hybridity and Contamination in Tayeb Salih’s Mawsim al-hijra ila al-Shamal (Season of Migration to the North),” Research in African Literatures27.3 (1997): 128–140.
11Willan, Brian, Sol Plaatje: South African Nationalist 1876–1932 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984), 349.
12Barber, Karin, The Anthropology of Texts, Persons and Publics: Oral and Written Culture in Africa and Beyond (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007), 137–139.
13 A.W., review of Sechuana Proverbs by Plaatje, Sol, African Affairs16 (1917): 183.
14Schalkwyk, David and Lapula, Lerothodi, “Solomon Plaatje, William Shakespeare, and the Translations of Culture,” Pretexts9.1 (2000): 16.
15Koselleck, Reinhart, Futures Past: On the Semantics of Historical Time, trans. Keith Tribe (New York: Columbia University Press, 2004).
16Seddon, Deborah, “Shakespeare’s Orality: Solomon Plaatje’s Setswana Translations,” English Studies in Africa47.2 (2004): 85.
17 Seddon, 90.
18Damrosch, David, “Scriptworlds: Writing Systems and the Formation of World Literature,” Modern Language Quarterly68.2 (2007): 195–219.
19Boehmer, Elleke, Empire, the National, and the Postcolonial, 1890–1920: Resistance in Interaction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), 125–168; Chrisman, Laura, Rereading the Imperial Romance: British Imperialism and South African Resistance in Haggard, Schreiner, and Plaatje (Oxford: Clarendon, 2000).
20 Willan, 325.
21Pollock, Sheldon, “Cosmopolitan and Vernacular in History,” Cosmopolitanism, eds. Carol A. Breckenridge et al. (Durham: Duke University Press, 2002), 15–53.
22 David Ramoshoana quoted in Willan, 326.
23 Willan, 325, 340–48.
24 Besides Willan’s book, see for example: Couzens, Tim, “‘The Dark Side of the World’: Sol Plaatje’s ‘Mhudi’,” English Studies in Africa14.2 (1971): 187–203; TCouzens, im, “Introduction,” in Sol T. Plaatje, Mhudi (London: Heinemann, 1978), 1–20; and Gray, Stephen, Southern African Literature: An Introduction (Cape Town: David Philip, 1979).
25 Moretti, 55.