Essay On Gender Equality In The Workplace

Gender Equality In The Workplace Essay

INTRODUCTION
Rapid changes in the global economic market entail transformations affecting not only the external environment of organizations, but also its internal operations and processes (Hall, 2008; Hodgetts, 2002). One important change that has altered the nature of contemporary organization is the “acknowledgement, development and systematic use of the skills and knowledge of employees” (Ramirez et al 2007, p 496). The central role of employees’ participation in the success of the organization involves not only “high performance work systems… [but] they also involve the decentralization of decisions and work enrichment that is providing employees with opportunities for involvement in decision-making and innovation.” (Wood & de Menezes 2008, p 639). As such, contemporary organisations have provided the arena wherein growth and success of the firm is tied up with the growth and participation of the employees for the success of the organization (Li, Guohui & Eppler 2008; Wolfgang & Brewster, 2005).
However, it is not only contemporary organizations that have undergone changes. The nature of the contemporary workforce has also been modified (Jinzhao, 2007). Globalization is not only about removal of economic barriers among nations and movements of capital, investments and goods, but it also pertains to the more free movement of people across nations reducing the significance of physical borders as barriers (Fischer, 2003; Suarez-Orozco & Qin-Hilliard, 2004). In this regard, the nature of contemporary workforce has been revolutionized from a homogenous workforce to heterogeneous, diverse workforce (Maxwell, McDougal & Blair, 2001). The idea of heterogeneous work force means “differences in attitudes, and behaviors of employees relative to gender, race, age, ethnicity, physical ability, and other relevant characteristics” (Jinzhao, 2007, p. 60). However, it should be noted that “dimensions of workplace diversity include, but are not limited to: age, ethnicity, ancestry, gender, physical abilities/qualities, race, sexual orientation, educational background, geographic location, income, marital status, military experience, religious beliefs, parental status, and work experience” (Thomas 1992). This reality pervades all organizations regardless of their nature.
In the light of this change in the nature of contemporary workforce, the concepts of diversity and equality will be discussed vis-à-vis the reality of women in the workplace. As such, this research will address the following questions: what are diversity and equality policies? Do they work? Finally, do they open possibilities and opportunities for women?
DIVERSITY AND EQUALITY POLICIES: A CONCEPTUAL LOOK
Diversity in workforce “include, but are not limited to: age, ethnicity, ancestry, gender, physical abilities/qualities, race, sexual orientation, educational background, geographic location, income, marital status, military experience, religious beliefs, parental status, and...

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Female inequality in workplace is one of the harmful aspect that is afflicting the entire society. This is also called the gender discrimination which has been followed since the ancient
Past and still a serious predicament even with the advancement of 21 century. It is one of the major characteristics of the U.S. Although the governmental and non-governmental agencies have made momentous progress in achieving the rights of women through education, empowerment, and dynamic acts over the past century. Nevertheless, there is still a long way to attain the total equality.

The most notable subject of female inequality at the work is pay gap. It is a major concern that women face, even though they are more efficient than…show more content…

force, but the average working women earn only 77 percent of what the average working man makes. Yet unless women and men both say this is unacceptable, things will not change. Men have to demand that their wives, daughters, mothers, and sisters earn more proportionate with their qualification and not their gender. Equality will be achieved when women and men are granted equal respect. This study is interesting because a pop star singer points out the gap in average income between men and women. She also touches this topic on frequently in her music. In this way she is making a great effort for gender equality.
Women have worked in some way in the U.S. since this country take birth, yet they get very low pay. During the World War I, women started to work in the force due to the shortage of men. They worked until the World War II and took those positions which were only for men. Seven million women entered the work force, however they have no legal work rights. They got the workplace rights until the Title VII of the Civil Right Act of 1964, passed. According to this act employer may not discriminate people on the basis of sex, color, race, national region, and religion. Title VII makes it illegal for employers that they refuse women from any available position based on the qualification. This law allow women to sue employer if they feel being discriminate. President John F. Kennedy signed the equal pay act in 1953, which states they employer must pay women

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