Breast Cancer Case Study Scribd



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However, the rate of death from breast cancer is going down. This decline isprobably the result of early detection and improved treatment. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK 

 Jean Watson’s (1979-1985) Theory of Human Caring.

She emphasized that nursing is the application of the art and human sciencethrough transpersonal caring transactions to help persons achieve

mind-body-soul harmony,

which generates self-knowledge, self-control, self-care,and self-healing. She included health promotion and treatment of illness innursing. She believed that a person is a valued being to be cared for,respected, nurtured, understood and assisted; a fully functional integratedself. The Ten Carative factors, transpersonal caring relationship and the caringoccasion constitute the elements of Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring.Her ten carative factors are viewed as the guide of a nurse in honoring thehuman dimensions of nursing’s work and the inner life world. These carativefactors point to the aspects of nursing which affect the one caring and theone being cared for thereby potentiating the therapeutic healing processes. The tencarative factors included in her work are the following:(1)Formation of a humanistic-altruistic system of values.(2) Instillation of faith-hope.(3) Cultivation of sensitivity to one’s self and to others.(4) Development of a helping-trusting, human caring relationship.(5) Promotion and acceptance of the expression of positive and negativefeelings.(6) Systematic use f a creative problem-solving caring process.(7)Promotion of transpersonal-teaching learning.(8) Provision of a supportive, protective and corrective mental, physical ,societal and spiritual environment.(9) Assistance with gratification of human needs.(10) Allowance for existential-phenomenologicalspiritual forces (Watson,1979).

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