Culture is a powerful human tool for survival, but it is a fragile phenomenon. It is constantlychanging and easily lost because it exists only in our minds. Our written languages,governments, buildings, and other man-made things are merely the products of culture.
Cultureis an integral part of every society. It is a learned pattern of behavior and ways in which a person liveshis or her life. Culture is essential for the existence of a society, because it binds people together.However, these are only the products of culture followed by the society and cannot be defined asculture.
efination of Culture
refers to the following Ways of Life. These are the best two definitions I could find -- by two folkswho should know. Hofstede defined a very common set of models for international cultures, whilstSchein is an uber-guru on a several topics and has written one of the best books on organizationalculture.
Culture is the collective programming of the human mind that distinguishes the members of onehuman group from those of another. Culture in this sense is a system of collectively held values.´--
Culture is the deeper level of basic assumptions and beliefs that are shared by members of anorganization, that operate unconsciously and define in a basic µtaken for granted¶ fashion anorganization's view of its self and its environment.´ --
According to English Anthropologist Edward B Taylor, culture is
that complex whole which includesknowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as amember of society.
culture is something that a person learns from his family and surroundings, and is not ingrained in himfrom birth. It does not have any biological connection because even if a person is brought up in a culturedifferent from that in which he was born, he imbibes the culture of the society where he grows up. It isalso not a hidden fact that some people feel the need to follow the beliefs and traditions of their ownculture, even though they might be not subscribing to certain ideologies within.1
Culture is the “patterns of behavior” and thinking that people living in social groups learn, create, and share. Culture differentiates one human group from another. A people′s culture includes their beliefs, rules of behavior, language, rituals, art, and technology, styles of dress, ways of producing and cooking food, religion, and political and economic systems.
Culture is difficult to define, but you generally know when you have found an employee who appears to fit your culture.
Culture is the environment in which you work all of the time. Culture is a powerful element that shapes your work enjoyment, your work relationships, and your work processes. But, culture is something that you cannot actually see, except through its physical manifestations in your work place.
While a particular culture exists in your organization that has been developed by the employees who work in your company, each new employee adds their diversity to your work culture. So, while a culture exists when a new employee joins, he or she is soon adding to the culture experienced by employees at work.
Culture is represented in your group’s:
- decision making,
- stories and legends, and
- daily work practices.
Something as simple as the objects chosen to grace a desk tell you a lot about how employees view and participate in your organization’s culture. Your bulletin board content, the company newsletter, the interaction of employees in meetings, and the way in which people collaborate, speak volumes about your organizational culture.
Definitions of Culture
Some definition of culture are:
Parson, T. (1949). Essays in Sociological Theory. Glencoe, IL.
“Culture…consists in those patterns relative to behavior and the products of human action which may be inherited, that is, passed on from generation to generation independently of the biological genes” (p. 8).
Hofstede, G. (1984). National cultures and corporate cultures. In L.A. Samovar & R.E. Porter (Eds.), Communication Between Cultures. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
“Culture is the collective programming of the mind which distinguishes the members of one category of people from another.” (p. 51).
Kluckhohn, C., & Kelly, W.H. (1945). The concept of culture. In R. Linton (Ed.). The Science of Man in the World Culture. New York. (pp. 78-105).
“By culture we mean all those historically created designs for living, explicit and implicit, rational, irrational, and nonrational, which exist at any given time as potential guides for the behavior of men.”